Brampton, city, regional municipality of Peel, southeastern Ontario, Canada, located on Etobicoke Creek, just west of Toronto. Brampton, founded about 1830, was named after the English birthplace of John Elliott, one of its founders. During the city’s development, horticulture, tanning, and paper production were key elements in the local economy. Modern industries include retail and business services, food and beverage distribution, brick making, and the manufacturing of automobiles, aerospace technology, and telecommunications equipment.
In 1974 the city of Brampton was created, encompassing much of Chinguacousy township, Toronto Gore township, and a portion of the town of Mississauga. A significant South Asian population has grown in Brampton in the 21st century.